[Q]: Brother M.S.'A from Ma'an, Jordan asks in his question: What is the ruling of one who died and did not pray [during his lifetime], though his parents are Muslim? And, how should he be treated with respect to the washing [of his body], shrouding, and prayer over him, burial, supplication, and asking for mercy upon him?
Any responsible adult, who dies [knowing the Islamic ruling concerning prayer] and did not pray, is a disbeliever. He is not washed or prayed over, nor is he buried in the Muslim cemetery. His [Muslim] relatives do not inherit from him. Rather, his wealth is for the Muslim's state treasury, according to the strongest opinion amongst the scholars. [This is] based on the authentic hadeeth [in which the] Prophet [salallahu alaiyhi wasallam] stated: Between a man and shirk [associating partners with Allah] and kufr [disbelief] there stands his abandonment of the prayer. This was reported by Imaam Muslim in his Saheeh. The Prophet [salallahu 'alaiyhi wasallam] also stated: The vow [religious commitment] that is between us and them [the hypocrites] is the prayer. He that abandons it has committed disbelief. This was reported by Ahmad and the compilers of the sunan with an authentic chain from the hadeeth of Buraydaah radiallaahu 'anhu.
And, 'Abdullah ibn Shaqeeq al-'Uqayli, the noble follower, may Allah's mercy be upon him, stated: The companions of the Prophet [salallahu 'alaiyhi wasallaam] did not consider abandonment on anything as disbelief, except [the abandonment of] the prayer. And, the ahadeeth and reports with this connotation are many.
This is regarding the one who abandoned [prayer] due to laziness and who did not denies it as being obligatory. And, for the one who doesn't accept it as being compulsory, then he is a disbeliever, who apostated from Islam, according to all of the people of knowledge.
We beseech Allah to set aright the affairs of the Muslims and to [lead them to] pursue the straight path, for He is the All-Hearing Responder.