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Is Iblis an Angel

Is Iblis, may Allaah curse him, an angel or from other than them? And if he is from other than them what is the type of seclusion in Allaah's Words: All the angels prostrated themselves, except Iblis. [1]?

It should be known that the angels are creatures of Allaah. He created them from light, they never disobey Him, and do as He says. As for Iblis (Satan), Allaah mentioned that he was amongst the Jinn, Allaah says: ...and when We said to the angels, prostrate yourselves to Adam, they all did, except Iblis who was from the Jinn, who transgressed the command of his Lord.[2] Allaah mentions in the Qur'an what Iblis said when He commanded him to prostrate himself to Adam. He said: You created me from Fire, and You created him from clay! [3] As for the type of seclusion, in His Words: All the angels prostrated themselves, except Iblis. [4] It is a separate seclusion, as one may say: Everyone came except for a donkey. There are some people of knowledge who say Iblis, may Allaah curse him, is an angel except that he disobeyed Allaah, the Exalted, and insisted on being disobedient. Iblis deserved the curse of Allaah till the Day of Requital.

[1] Al-Hijr 15:30-31 [2] Al-Kahf 18:50 [3] Sad 38:76 [4] Sad 38:73-74

Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 1 Page 96
Other subjects of interest:

Revealed Books
The Prophets and Messengers
The Last Day
The Divine Decree
Jinn And Devils

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