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Charitable Gifts on behalf of the Deceased

What is the reward a deceased would receive when charitable donations are given on his behalf? Would such donations be added to his record of good deeds?

Giving charitable donations on behalf of a deceased is legitimate, whether the donation is in money or kind, or by supplication in his favour. Abu Hurairah, may Allaah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said: When a son of Adam dies, his deeds seize to continue except for three things; charity with continuous effect, beneficial knowledge, or a pious son who supplicates in his favour[1] The general meaning of this Hadith signifies that the reward of the charity does reach the deceased. The Prophet did not specify whether such charity was stated in the will of the deceased or not. Therefore, this Hadith applies to both cases. While the word 'son' is not specific, for there are many authentic traditions that signify the legitimacy of supplication in favour of the dead people. Just as the funeral prayer and supplication for them is legitimate while visiting graves. Hence, it does not make a difference whether the charitable donation is given by a close or distant relative of the deceased.

[1] Muslim no. 1631, Abu Dawud no. 2880 and At-Tirmithi no. 1376

Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 1 Page 65
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